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What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

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Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal imbalance that affects nearly one in ten women. This disease is still little understood and no treatment is yet available.

A syndrome that has a significant impact on the life and health of women

The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or Stein-Leventhal syndrome is a hormonal disease that affects one in ten women of childbearing age. This syndrome is the main cause of infertility in women. It causes numerous hormonal imbalances and leads to an excessive production of testosterone.

Regarding the symptoms, this can be manifested by irregular menstrual cycles, hyperpilosity and metabolic disturbances leading to an increase in acne, skin tags, an imbalance in the regulation of blood sugar levels, or even weight gain, reports theInserm. All of these syndromes do not necessarily appear at the same time and do not all manifest themselves, which has made this disease difficult to diagnose.

Polycystic ovary syndrome causes complications: overweight, high blood pressure and diabetes, and is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and cancer.

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A syndrome that unfortunately remains untreated

To avoid complications related to polycystic ovary syndrome, it is important to perform a diagnosis. However, you should know that the diagnosis of this syndrome is difficult, as there are no specific tests to confirm that a person is affected or not. Thus, a doctor will therefore first analyze the occurrence of the various symptoms of the disease. If a patient has multiple symptoms, a blood test and pelvic ultrasound will then be recommended to confirm if she really has polycystic ovary syndrome. The blood test will be used to check the different hormone levels in the patient, while the ultrasound will be used to detect any abnormal follicles.

As for treatments, there is currently no cure. However, it is still possible to act on the various symptoms in order to reduce them. In the majority of cases, doctors will advise women with this disease to change their lifestyle to adopt a healthier diet and exercise more. For women who wish to have a child, infertility treatments are sometimes possible. In general, treatments for the syndrome will therefore depend on the symptoms, the patient’s age, her general physical condition and her desire to procreate.

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