After the UK, it’s Sweden’s turn to ban companies Chinese in the implementation of its 5G network. Accused of espionage on behalf of Chinese government, Huawei and ZTE will therefore no longer be part of the Swedish 5G telecommunications, and will even have to remove the installations already in place.
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After Belgium and the United Kingdom, Sweden’s turn to ban Chinese giants
Sweden in turn decided to ban Chinese telecommunications groups, Huawei and ZTE, their 5G mobile networks. The country cited national security as a motive, suspecting the Chinese government of using these companies to spy on other countries. ” China is one of Sweden’s biggest threats “Said Klas Friberg, head of the Swedish security services. He added that China is helping its economic development and military capabilities by ” extensive intelligence gathering and theft of technology, research and development “.
” This is what we need to consider when building the 5G network of the future. We cannot compromise with the security of Sweden Klas Friberg added. This ban is therefore in line with new legislation which entered into force in January 2020, following a review by the Swedish armed forces and the security service ” to ensure that the use of radio equipment in these bands does not endanger the security of Sweden “, Said the Swedish Post and Telecommunications Authority (PTS) in a communicated.
The PTS also clarified that Huawei and ZTE equipment that has already been installed in the country will have to be retired by January 1, 2025. Sweden’s decision follows the lead of the United Kingdom, which also has decided to ban Huawei from getting involved in the British 5G network last July. In addition to the United Kingdom and Sweden, several other European countries are gradually closing the door on Huawei or are considering doing so, in particular because of pressure from the United States.
A decision strongly criticized by the Chinese government
Faced with this further blow, Huawei decided to defend itself, Reuters reported. “There is no factual basis to support the claims that Huawei poses a security threat. Huawei’s exclusion is simply based on a baseless presumption and is unfair and unacceptable A spokesperson for the company said. For its part, ZTE has not yet commented on the case. In contrast, China has also expressed its displeasure. ” Sweden should maintain an objective and fair attitude and correct its wrong decision, in order to avoid negatively impacting the economic and trade cooperation between China and Sweden Beijing spokesman Zhao Lijian said.
Regarding the consequences of this ban for the establishment of the 5G network in Sweden, this should benefit competing companies, namely Ericsson and Nokia. While this seems beneficial to European operators, crowding out companies may not be beneficial for everyone. ” Ban leaves network operators with fewer options and risks slowing 5G deployment in markets where competition is reduced Said Ben Wood, chief research officer at CCS Insight. As to whether France intends to follow the same path, Huawei is not subject to such a drastic ban, but certain limits are still imposed.