Recent studies and surveys reveal a worrying increase in LGBTphobic acts within schools. So many are those to mobilize against such facts, there is still a long way to go to put an end to this discrimination.
The role of schools in supporting its students questioned
The Thursday, December 17 last, the rectorate reported the suicide of a trans high school student in Lille. Since then, the role of schools in supporting its students has been questioned more than ever. So many are fighting, the There is still a long way to go to put an end to discrimination for good.
Multiple studies and recent surveys indeed reveal a worrying increase in LGBTphobic acts within schools. Transphobia is characterized by violent physical attacks as well as by phenomena of rejection.
Faced with such a situation, Jean-Michel Blanquer, Minister of National Education, announced that “that we are much more successful in combating the bullying of LGBT + students ”.
In addition, as reported Komitid, a 2018 survey of 1,147 individuals by researchers Arnaud Alessandrin and Johanna dagorn revealed that about 86% of intersex and trans people surveyed felt bad about their education. In question: the lack of recognition of the name they or they wanted to bear.
“The time that the institution gives to the question is either zero or excessively marginal”
For Arnaud Alessandrin, working since the year 2014 on transidentity, a real paradox persists: school is the place that students attend the most but it is also the one where their recognition is the least important. “The time that the institution devotes to the question is either zero or excessively marginal. The school is not doing anything, but this little something is still totally insufficient. However, the dropout rate of trans youth explodes if their transidentity is not recognized at school”, He reports.
Without a real text of law, the directors of schools are obliged to organize everything on a case-by-case basis. However, this “leads to unequal treatment in the territory”, Adds Arnaud Alessandrin.
The CPE of a high school in southwestern France called Philippe also reported that “to support trans students, we manage internally”. According to what the country authorizes, the school modifies in all the documents the first name of the pupils who request it, and this, “from the moment they are followed by their parents in their process”.
An obvious lack of training
Faced with such a situation, the observation is obvious: the staff of schools is sorely lacking in training. “These subjects are not yet imposed in the educational debate. However, to listen to the students concerned and support them as best as possible, we must be trained. Resources exist on ministry sites, but they do not necessarily irrigate, there is a lack of information“, Explain Sophie Venetitay, member of SNES-FSU, the first secondary school union.
Mathieu Devlaminck, president of the National High School Union (UNL), explains in turn that “some establishments are familiar with the subject but this is far from being the case everywhere. For example, we would like associations to come to raise awareness in high schools about the discrimination to which transgender people are victims.. ”
Great progress at the local level
Of great progress were still done at the local level. Indeed, in November 2019, the rectorate of the Paris Academy created the very first academic observatory for the prevention and fight against anti-LGBT + discrimination. Its role is to train professionals, raise awareness, set up educational projects and “make sure that these questions are visible at school”, Reports Audrey Gelman, project manager. The Nancy-Metz academy should soon follow in the footsteps of that of Paris.
Finally, last October, Elisabeth Moreno, Minister Delegate for Gender Equality, Diversity and Equal Opportunities, proposed a national action plan on equal rights and the fight against discrimination and anti-LGBT hatred. A plan that should in particular allow professionals in schools to be trained and made aware of all these questions.