He National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics has released a calendar with astronomical phenomena what will we see in the 2021. However, only in the month of January 32 astronomical phenomena will be registered, here we tell you what they are.
Although all astronomical phenomena are impressive, during January 2021, the most important will be both asteroids that will pass near the earth on January 21 and 24, as well as the meteor shower which will take place on January 3. Also remember to pay attention on January 28, since you will be able to observe the call Wolf Moon.
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Astronomical phenomena in January 2021
1. January 01. The open cluster M41 (The Little Beehive) will be well located for observation, in the direction of the constellation Can Major.
2. January 02, 13:50. The land in perihelion. Earth will be 0.9800 AU from the Sun.
3. January 03. Meteor shower Quadrantids. Activity between December 12 and January 12, with a maximum on January 3. The maximum observable rate will be 120 meteors per hour. The radiant is in the direction of the constellation del Boyero, with coordinates AR = 15h20m, DEC = 48º00´. It will be visible a few hours before sunrise on January 3, towards the northeast part of the Celestial Sphere.
4. January 06, 09:37. Moon Last Quarter.
5. January 08. The open cluster τ CMa (Joyas del Pirata Cluster) will be well located for observation, in the direction of the constellation of Can Mayor.
6. January 09, 15:36. The Moon in perigee.
7. January 09, 21:14. Conjunction of Mercury and Saturn, with Mercury at 1 ° 39´ south of Saturn, in the direction of the constellation Capricorn.
8. January 10, 16:09. Conjunction of Neptune and Ceres, with Neptune at 8 ° 37 ‘north of Ceres, in the direction of the constellation Aquarius.
9. January 11, 11:06. Conjunction of Jupiter and Mercury, with Jupiter at 1 ° 28 ‘north of Mercury, in the direction of the constellation Capricorn.
10. January 11, 20:11. Conjunction of Moon and Venus, with the Moon at 1 ° 29 ‘south of Venus, in the direction of the constellation Sagittarius.
11. January 12. The open cluster NGC 2244 (Rosette Nebula) will be well placed for observation, in the direction of the constellation Unicorn.
12. January 12, 23:50. The Moon in perihelion.
13. January 13, 05:00. New Moon.
14. January 14, 08:14. Conjunction of Moon and Mercury, with the Moon at 2 ° 19 ‘south of Mercury, in the direction of the constellation Capricorn.
15. January 14, 21:26. Pluto in solar conjunction, with Pluto at 1 ° 12 ‘from the Sun. At that time, the planet will be in apogee at 35.19 AU from Earth.
16. January 15. The open cluster NGC 2422 (M 47) will be well positioned for observation most of the night, in the direction of the constellation Puppis (Popa), towards the southeastern part of the Celestial Sphere.
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17. January 20, 21:02. Crescent Moon.
18. January 21, 05:36. Conjunction of Moon and Mars, with the Moon at 5 ° 03´ south of Mars, in the direction of the constellations of the Whale and Aries.
19. January 21, 13:10. Moon in apogee.
20. January 21, 21:34. Asteroid 15 Eunomia in opposition. Eunomia will pass 1,563 AU from us, in the direction of the constellation Cancer, reaching a maximum brightness of magnitude 8.4.
21. January 21, 23:34. Conjunction of Mars and Uranus, with Mars at 1 ° 43 ‘north of Uranus, in the direction of the constellation Aries.
22. January 24, 01:59. Mercury at its greatest east aspect ratio. Mercury reaches its greatest separation at Sun, in its evening appearance, and is as bright as -0.7 magnitude.
23. January 24, 03:04. Saturn in Solar Conjunction.
24. January 24, 14:22. Asteroid 14 Irene in opposition. The asteroid will pass 1.332 AU from us, in the direction of the constellation Cancer, reaching a maximum brightness of magnitude 9.3.
25. January 25. Mercury reaches its highest point in the evening sky.
26. January 25, 07:37. Mercury in dichotomy. Mercury will be in half phase, that is, half of the planet will appear illuminated; this in his evening appearance.
27. January 28, 19:16. Full moon.
28. January 29, 00:35. Conjunction of Venus and Pluto, with Venus at 0 ° 44´ north of Pluto, in the direction of the constellation Sagittarius.
29. January 29, 01:44. Jupiter in Solar Conjunction. Jupiter will pass at 0 ° 31 ‘from the Sun.
30. January 29, 02:08. Mercury in perihelion. Mercury will be 0.31 AU from the Sun, in the direction of the constellation Capricorn.
31. January 29, 16:28. The Moon in aphelion.
32. January 30. The open cluster M44 (The Manger) in the constellation Cancer will be well placed for observation most of the night, towards the eastern part of the Celestial Sphere.
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Types of astronomical phenomena
Experts have discovered and studied dozens of fastronomical enomenaHowever, these are the best known:
*Eclipse solar and lunar
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