8 Types of Cancer Treatments currently used in medical world.

 

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1. Surgery

Doctors perform surgery on body to remove cancer, tumors. Surgery may be open or minimally invasive. Cryosurgery is a type of treatment via surgery in which extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen or argon gas is used to destroy abnormal tissue. Cryosurgery is used to treat precancerous growths on the skin and cervix, early-stage skin cancer. Laser is another type of surgery, Lasers are mostly used to treat tumors on the surface of the body or on the inside lining of internal organs. Photodynamic therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs which react to a certain type of light. Hyperthermia is a type of treatment in which small areas of body tissue are exposed to high temperatures. The high heat can damage and kill cancer cells.

2. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy. Biological therapy is a type of treatment that uses substances made from living organisms to treat cancer. Types of immunotherapy that enhance the body’s immune response to fight the cancer include:

Cytokines, some type of proteins made by body’s cells. They play vital roles in the immune system’s ability to respond to cancer. The two main types of cytokines used to treat cancer are called interferons and interleukins.

BCG, which stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, is also an immunotherapy that is used to treat bladder cancer. BCG causes an immune response against cancer cells. It is also being studied in other types of cancer.

3. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It works by stopping or slowing growth of cancer cells otherwise these cancel cell divide quickly. Chemotherapy is used to:

Treat cancer by killing tumors and Ease cancer symptoms bu shrinking tumors.

4. Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, divide, and spread. Most targeted therapies are either small-molecule drugs or monoclonal antibodies.

Small-molecule drugs are small and enters cells quickly.

Monoclonal antibodies are drugs that are not able to enter cells easily. Instead, they attach to specific targets on the outer surface of cancer cells.

5. Stem Cell Transplant

Stem cell transplants do not usually work against cancer directly. Instead, they help you recover your ability to produce stem cells after treatments like chemotherapy, radiation. Stem cell transplants are procedures that restore blood-forming stem cells in cancer patients who have had theirs destroyed by very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Blood-forming stem cells are important because they grow into different types of blood cells. Types of blood cells are:

White blood cells, which are part of your immune system and help your body fight infection.
Red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout your body.
Platelets, which help the blood clot. (know about Vitamin K?)

6. Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This could be better alternative chemotherapy. There are two main types of radiation therapy, external beam and internal.Radiation therapy does not kill cancer cells right away. It takes days or weeks of treatment before DNA is damaged enough for cancer cells to die.

7. Precision Medicine

This procedure is most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease. Learn about the role precision medicine plays in cancer treatment, including how genetic changes in a person’s cancer are identified and used to select treatments. The recent advances in science and technology have helped speed up the pace of this area of research. One usually receives the same treatment as other who has same type and stage of cancer. Even so, different people may respond differently, and, until recently, doctors didn’t know why. But that is changing as the Promise of Precision Medicine is very bright and showing many positive possibilities. Precision Medicine Does Not Yet Apply to Everybody who has cancer, this treatment is still developing.

8. Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy is a treatment that slows or stops the growth of breast and prostate cancers that use hormones to grow. Hormone therapy is also called hormonal therapy, hormone treatment, or endocrine therapy. Just like chemotherapy, Hormone therapy treats cancer by killing tumors and ease cancer symptoms bu shrinking tumors. Hormone therapy may be given in many ways. Some common ways include:

Oral, Injection, Surgery.

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